Sit. Rep. #54: Designs have their Pluses & Minuses

Down a water hole we go:

1-  Every continent has many miles of navigable waterways.  And each design of a canoe is made for that particular waterway.  As each river has it’s own personality so does every canoe design.  The different designs are Inuit kayak,  Dogrib,  Malecite,  Montagnais,  Slave,   Ojibwa,  Algonquian, Interior Salish, Umiak of Alaska, and Chipewyan.
     The Haida dugout canoe is built for ocean-going that could hold 8 to 12 folks.  It also had a very tall bow.  Many designs had the ability to add a sail to the boat.

2- The different designs have their pluses & minuses.   Length incorporates how well the canoe glides across the water.  Longer boats haul more, glide better on flat water, and are usually faster.   Shorter boats are more maneuverable and can handle white water better.  Sixteen feet longboats are a sweet spot between the two and are good for either solo and tandem paddlers.
     The keel is the centerline on the bottom of the canoe.  A pronounced keel makes the boat better to handle on flat water and helps guide the canoe in the wind.   The keel is also the first thing to scrape on rocks and on shorelines.
    The cross-section of the boat is perpendicular to the keel.  A flat bottom canoe is more maneuverable but less stable in wind or waves.  A shallow arch is the middle design between the flat bottom and shallow “vee” designs.  The shallow vee is more stable in rough weather & water.  It has the deepest draft and is the slowest of the 3 designs.

Q- What are the sailor’s least favorite vegetable?
R- Leeks.

3- This is true while hiking and while boating:  Hydrate, Hydrate, Hydrate!  If you are not urinating at least once an hour – drink more water.  Being on the water can confuse the best of us.  Monitor yourself and take care of yourself.   Also, monitor your buddy.  Monitor the quantity of urine and the color.  Dark urine – a bad thing – drink more water.
   Take an extra canteen or bottle of water with you on your water trip.  Also, have a bottle/canteen waiting on you when you get to shore at your destination.  Do not drink raw water without filtering or treating.  Treat one canteen while drinking out of the other one.
 — Thanks Steve for the hints!

S- What is a sailor’s favorite vegetable?
T- Carrots.  They help the sailors’ sea better.

4- Another common electrical component is the capacitor. The most basic type of capacitor consists of two metal plates separated by an insulator, called a dielectric.

   What type of electrical component consists of two or more conductive surfaces separated by an insulator?
   What electrical component stores energy in an electric field?
    What is the ability to store energy in an electric field called?
    What is the basic unit of capacitance?
       The farad
(Thanks to KB6NU Ham Radio Blog and Study Guides)

U- Why were the Vikings such good sailors?
V- You can lead a Norse to water but you can’t make him sink.

5- Dehydration Signs & Symptoms:  Thirsty, Dry mucus noes &/or throat &/or eyes, Dry pits & privates, Decreased sweating, Sunken eyes, Doughy skin, Lethargic, Weakness, Rapid & weak pulse, Altered mental status, Elevated body temperature, Stop sweating, No urine, No tears, Collapse, and/or shock.

6- Treat Dehydration:  Don’t get dehydrated is the best medicine!  DRINK water, sports drinks with electrolytes, water, and/or clear broth or soup.   If someone’s sweating starts to diminish; consider this a medical emergency!  Drinking water is easier & cheaper than an IV needle stuck in you.

Watch each other,

Campfire Skits by Thomas Mercaldo

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